The Inventory holds information on over 700 battles in Wales and provides information relating to names, dates, location, key people, statutory protection, archaeology and cultural relations, as well as an overview and bibliographies for further research.


How to Use and Search the Inventory of Historic Battlefields in Wales


Performing Standard Searches of the Inventory

The search bar can be found at the top of all pages. This will search all the fields in all the records of the Inventory. Select ‘everything’ if you want to search the content of the whole website.

To start a search, type in the word or words you want to search for and click ‘search’. This will return records and display them in order, with the most relevant (those with the search term appearing most frequently) being first. The search on this field is not case sensitive. If you are not sure of the spelling, you can use an asterisk as a ‘wildcard’ to represent any letters you’re not certain of. For example: ye*man* will bring up results for ‘yeoman’ and ‘yeomanry’.


Advanced Search

We have grouped sets of types of fields from the Inventory into search groups to make it easier to cover various fields in one go, such as Key People, Location and Dates. You will notice that when you start to type in a field in Advanced Search, the website will suggest various words that have been collated from the different fields of the Inventory.


Narrow Your Search

On the left-hand side of the results page is the Narrow your search section. This is a list of additional terms that group together the results and show how many items from the overall results fall within each group. Clicking one of these will filter the results, only showing those associated with that term. You can normally only apply one filter per group, but you can filter on multiple groups.

If you want to remove a filter and try another one, all you need to do is click on the ticked checkbox again beside the filter. These filters are only relevant to the results listing that you have produced.



You can also search the Inventory using Maps. Locating a battlefield or site on which a conflict took place is often a challenge, and locations can range from anywhere in Wales down to a specific place. The Inventory uses eight levels of certainty to locate a battlefield and these are represented in the mapping:

(1) Wales, (2) a region in Wales, (3) Historic County, (4) Medieval Cantref, (5) Medieval Commote, (6) Community, (7) within a 1km area and (8) a specific point.

There are a number of ways you can search the Inventory using the mapping, on the map itself or through clicking on the relevant fields in the left-hand menu. As you zoom in on the map more fields/levels of certainty will appear on the left-hand menu and likewise these will disappear as you zoom out. Both the map and left-hand menu interact with each other so you’ll always be able to find out the location or level you are searching at, as it will be appear highlighted in red or in bold on the left-hand menu.

Once you click on an area of the map, or one of the fields in the left-hand menu, results will be displayed on the right hand side of the screen and from here you can select a specific battle and will be taken to the results page. The map will also show different symbols, the area shaded green relates to the area you are searching (e.g. county or cantref), and battles will be listed that fall somewhere within this area, but where we are unable to be more specific. Two other symbols on the map indicate those battles with more accurate certainty: the circle represents an accuracy of 1km for the battle site, and the blue marker a specific point, such as a castle. As you click on one of these symbols, the specific battle will be highlighted in the results on the right hand side.

In the top right hand corner of the screen, by clicking on the layers icon a list of different mapping backgrounds appear and here you can select the background layer you would like.